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Current Progress in Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Silver Nanoparticles: Precepts and Prospects

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Md. Abul Barkat, Harshita, Sarwar Beg, Mohd. Javed Naim, Faheem H. Pottoo, Satya P. Singh and Farhan J. Ahmad*   Pages 53 - 69 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Background: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), are amongst the utmost striking nanosized materials that are extensively applied in a variety of biomedical applications which includes diagnostic use, disease management, medical device coating, drug delivery and for personal health care.

Discussion: With the growing interest and its application in the health care sector, it is becoming necessary for a better understanding and exploration of AgNPs mechanism of action like biological interaction, their possible toxicity, and safety concern to human exposure. AgNPs have been the subject of researchers attention and interest due to the unique properties and quality such as shape and size depending optical, electrical, and antimicrobial potentials (antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral etc.). In recent times, several studies have been conducted on AgNPs antimicrobial potential and also a number of patents related to its synthesis, clinical role and importance have also been registered. In this review, a short overview of AgNPs synthesis approach is presented (physical, chemical, and biological or green synthesis) and it also delivers a historical outlook of AgNPs application as an antimicrobial agent which includes combined evidence of microbial resistance and safety issues with human exposure.

Keywords:

Silver nanoparticles, physical synthesis, chemical synthesis, green synthesis, antimicrobial agent.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Kursi Road, Lucknow, School of Medical & Allied Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutics, K.R. Mangalam University, Gurgaon, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, Department of Pharmacology, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, 1982, Dammam, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Kursi Road, Lucknow, Nanomedicine Research Lab, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi



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